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The costs of an individual ranger

The costs of a ranger vary from country to country.  As a rule of thumb, Adopt A Ranger targets a salary of double the minimum wage plus the compulsory social benefits in compliance with the national legislation and if necessary, an additional life insurance for the dependents. Additionally, the costs of a uniform and basic field gear.  

Typically, this costs somewhere between $2,000 (€1,600) and $5,000 (€4,000) per year, depending on the country. Assuming an average 200 working days per year, a ranger costs $10 - $25 (€8 - €20) per day. 

In some cases, there are financing mechanisms to match the funds raised with other funding, in which case we only need to raise $5 - $15 (€4 - €12) per day.

Depending on the recipient country, 50 - 100 people working together can finance a ranger if each makes a contribution of $50 (€40) per year. 

The efficiency of financing ranger compared to other conservation efforts

A lot of conservation organizations and carbon off-set programmes invest in buying and/or leasing land to create new protected areas. That sounds great, doesn't it? But is it really? Let's take a good look. 

First of all, most protected areas in developing countries have been selected for being rather special and often they are very large. The costs to manage a hectare of a large area are many times lower than of a small area. In Brazil, it costs about $60,000 per hectare per year to manage the smallest nature reserve of 2 ha, while it costs only $0.45 per ha to manage an area of 1,000,000 ha. This is because there are several costs that have to be made for every area, small or large. Moreover, the ranger density needed in small areas is much higher. So you get much more land protected by protecting large forests that belong to the government,

Buying buying land to plant a forest is not enough; after the purchase, you will have to manage and staff them. Newly planted forests need forest rangers, even in higher densities than the existing protected areas, because you have to manage the young forest. So by adding land to the pool of protected areas in a country, you just increase the need for forest rangers, but you usually don't increase natural values. Often your newly created forest actually competes with the government for funding. So while your money is being used to buy new land for conservation, officially protected land is being occupied illegally because it does not have any forest rangers. By the end of the day, the country has much and much less nature, in spite of the land purchased with your money. If that money would have been used to hire forest rangers that would protect and manage existing protected areas, your money would have protected many more hectares than you could ever have done by contributing to buying land for planting a forest.

In most countries, the nature reserves protected by the government, are among the highest priority lands for conservation still available. Many lands to be purchased by fundraising campaigns are much less important than those already protected by law. Adopt A Ranger very seriously considers the importance of the areas where it works for their conservation importance. So rangers paid from your donations will protect the best land available for conservation. In fact, Adopt A Ranger helps governments to assess which of their protected areas are the most important from  a conservation point of view, using the MICOSYS programme. So YOUR money always protects the protected areas of the highest priority in the countries where we operate.

Many projects from bilateral aid programmes finance consultancies and studies to help local communities to get more benefits from protected areas. These programmes are quite important, because it is very important to involve local communities in conservation. But as those projects usually don't finance field staff, and particularly fall short in financing rangers, they end up achieving rather little. Adopt A Ranger focuses on hiring rangers, while it also helps with know-how on how to involve those rangers in assisting local communities to get economic benefits from protected areas. This is a far more durable approach than being practiced by many projects financed by development organizations.  

Tell me more about rangers and their benefits for conservation and society. No thanks, take me to the sponsors page



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The Adopt A Ranger website is part of an integrated net of nature conservation information websites. The following table lists the latest news on those combined websites: 

Shop on line Click here.
More than 500 new nature  photos Click here.
Great new indian summer photos of Aspen in Wasatch National Forest.
Completed and corrected lists of al bird species in Français, Deutsch, Nederlands, Español.      

We uploaded more than 100 photos on national Parks on our Album Share yours too! Click here

Follow us on Facebook with daily updates
Follow us on Twitter with daily updates
Follow us on LinkedIn with daily updates
Free open source ILWIS 3.6 has a brand new images import and export module. Download it now.
Fabulous packing lists for travelers for different kinds of destinations (jungle, mountains, beach, cities, etc.)  and travel types (car, plane, back packing, etc.) To the lists.
Forum entry on travel info, like countless phone numbers and links to airlines, great booking sites, etc, for several countries. Click here
Album entry on the forum where you can upload species of birds, plants, mammals etc. that you want identified. Click here
We made a page on essentials for simple hand-held GPS
New countries: Cape Verde, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea  Sao Tome & Principe; Seychelles
Birdlists of all West African countries updates
WICE analyses the conservation status of the Godwit for the World Bank: Wintering grounds of entire population will disappear in Guinea Bissau. Read more.......
Run ILWIS on Linux.
Nature Worldwide forums heavily spammed and cleaned. Read more......
ILWIS downloads from ILWIS.ORG since initiation surpassed 10.000!
Collaboration with Bo Beolens' famous fatbirder website
New tables for all major countries in South America
Updated GIS software review on GIS4BIOLOGISTS
Posting on Natuurlijke Procesgang in de Oostvaarders Plassen (in Dutch)
Posting on effect to oxygen production and carbon fixation by trees and forests
A downloadable pdf with the text of the entire Adopt A Ranger website
A completely renewed computer software and service page with lots of free software
Unsere Deutsche übersetzung von Adopt A Ranger macht gute Vortschritte
The data on protected areas have been re-loaded
Updated reviews of free software
US Government kills Yellowstone National Park bisons or buffaloes
"Slaughtering of Seals in Namibia": Take a look at a long ignored nature management issue

Fatbirder's Top 500 Birding Websites


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  * With continuously changing exchange rates between Euros and US Dollars, there are some difference between the mentioned values in € and $. We apologize that we can't continuously change the values and use nearby equivalents in rounded off figures.
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*  Contact us by email if you are concerned about the legitimacy of a fundraiser or the appropriateness of the fundraising methods applied.
  * On most pages you will see words in bold that are frequently repeated. These are search words and phrases for the search engines. Please forgive us when they sometimes undermine our text style.  Those words and phrases help other visitors find our website.

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Adopt A Ranger Inc. is incorporated in West Virginia, USA, registered under control number 90701 enjoying exemption of Federal income tax under section 501 (c) (3) and in the Netherlands Stichting Adopt A Ranger under S200823. Disclaimer

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